Pertotum Circulum 1440. Region belonging to North and Central
the 1440 map, the part of North America, Caribbean, and north of South
America, with the current map, the undeniable similarity is astonishing
due to the cartographic perfection. They have not succeeded with the
same cartographic perfection as the guessed right and recognizable representation
of America, especially in the north part of Europe in the Baltic zone
in Sweden, Norway, where Sweden is represented as an island and Denmark
of an enormous size.
Hudson Bay is recognized perfectly; the most minimum details are shown,
with the name of "DAS MER CASPI zwischen dem Aufgang and
mitternacht dar in dy". Translated as "Caspian Sea
among the sunrise and midnight". In the time the map is dated,
1440, it was perfectly well-known by the European geographers that the
Caspian Sea was an interior sea and it didn't have an oceanic exit,
but surprisingly it isn't the only map of great antiquity where the
"Caspian Sea" is represented with oceanic exit and lands that
don't belong to Asia. Perhaps the map of Eratosthenes dated in the III
century BC. is the first one that represents it this way, but not the
only one, also the map of Estrabón in the I century AC and the
great geographer Pomponio Mela represents his map with this modality
in the I century of our era.
..... What is curious in that map is that
the author knew that the sea that today is known as Caspian didn't have
an oceanic exit, and clearly represents it at the east of the Black
Sea with the possible old name of "Sea of Persia", that is
what makes us think that he knew what he has done and it is not a mistake,
but two different seas.
..... We find equally recognizable the
lands of El Labrador and the North American coast to the Caribbean
..... A special attention must be paid
in a great reading in El Labrador: "Der Roten luden Lant"
1440 that means "Land of the Red Jews". This is written in
Latin in the maps of 1448 and 1470, The map of 1440 has added the reading
"Roten Iuden peslos sen sind", a possibly "t"
is missing in the word "peslos" which would mean "The
Red Jews don't have the pest".
..... We should be careful with the reading
"Gog und Magog", in the three maps. In rabbinical
interpretation it means, "Place and opposed force to the true religion".
This reading is referred to the Red Jewish. Actually in Canada we find
near the Superior Lake the town of Magog and the River of Magog and
the origin of these names will surely be lost in time.
..... Further on I'll make a deeper reference
about this town of Magog, enemies of the established religion which
is named by the Prophet Ezequiel in the Bible.
..... A region named "Albama"
in the map of 1470, will this be the current "Alabama"?
On the coast we observe a place called "Portonach"
1440 that due to the phonetic deformations that took place in the oral
transmissions, and the interpretations in the translation to the German
language, it could be interpreted as the place that the aborigins denominated
as "Potomac" since it is also notorious the coincidence of
..... On the north coast of the Caribbean
next to a mountainous chain 1440, the one that can be identified as
the Appalachian Mounts there is a reading that prays: "Pigmeisen
sein klain und fechten mit den krenchen". It is translated
as "Pygmies are very small, belligerent and they fight against
the Krenchen". At first I thought that it was a fantasy or mistake
made by the geographers, since it was unthinkable the existence of Pygmies
in that region of North America.
..... But no! There were such figures in
the maps, in the region of the Appalachian Mounts, 1440 that are represented
near the Atlantic coast. The legend indicates us that they fought against
the Creeck-Che, these pygmies were part of the legends of the well-known
tribes as Cherokees, although they say that their name is "Yun'wiya"
which means true people
..... These pygmies have stopped to be
a legend and become history. Few years ago they were discovered and
their skeletons were exhumed. In the book "Bronze Age America"
Dr. Barry Fell Professor of the University of Harvard, gives dates of
these discoveries with human rests from 1000 and 300 BC.
that makes reference to the Pygmies in America, the map of Pier
is astonishing that 110 years after 1440, in 1550 we find the pygmies
again represented in Pierre Desceliers's map of the French Hydrograph
School, locating them to the north of The Florida west of the Appalachian
Mountains. It's important to clarify that in this map North Americais
already separated from Asia. Demonstrating that Desceliers had the knowledge
that America was in the old maps and knew, what should be separated
from Asia and what should be located in America. This cartographer's
map is in the Library of London.
.....More to the west a long chain of mountains
that runs from south to north denominated "Caspier Perg".
Means "Caspian Mounts", which have been mistakenly identified
by many as the Urales Mounts and I say mistakenly because if we look
at the map attentively we will see that the Urales had been rotated
90º north together with the Meotica lagoon, Tanais region and all
of Siberia changed it's orientation north, south, to east, west with
the name of "Tarterisch Gepirg" that is to say
"Mountain range of the Tartars", mountainous chain that divided
the occident region from the Shitias (Tartar-Mongolian).
The Caspian mounts would be the "Rocky or Rockily" chains
that can be found east of the sea with the same name (Hudson Bay).
..... The Caucasus Mountains, possibly
by mistake, are found at the east of the Sea of Persia, although they
are drawn correctly at the north of the Mount Ararat between the Black
Sea and the Sea of Persia.