Pertotum Circulum 1440. Region corresponding to South America
South America, in the region of Colombia we find perfectly drawn the
Central Mountain range, the Mountains of Perijá and the Mountain
range of Merida year 1440 denominated as "Kalioperg"
1440 that means "Kali Mountains" which is interpreted like
an unbeatable description of the current County and Kali mountains in
..... Looking at an actual map, the precision
of its cartography and its toponymy leaves us confused.
..... A region with a reading that says
"Citalia wann ain man qestirbt so legt man dye friwen zu
im" 1440 is translated "Citalia, in this place when
men die their wives are buried with them" This modality was known
and practiced by the American natives, like in the case of Mr. Cipán
that next to him were exhumed the skeletons of the women that accompanied
him during his last habitation.
..... The Andes are represented in the places
that are marked as acquaintances on the coast of the Pacific in South
..... In the immense plains of Venezuela
there is a great lake that represents the big tidelands and flooded
landscapes that are there, and possibly in that time they could have
seen them completely flooded, a river that is not another that the Orinoco,
leaves this lake to end in the ocean forming an important delta, in
the three maps.
..... The aborigines of the Orinoco region
in their legends speak of "Catenamanoa" "... the time
in that the forests were flooded"
..... In the west bank of the lake "Sebona"
there is an establishment or town with the name of "Elosa"
1440, and it is not casual that to the west of the tidelands or Plains
of Venezuela and in the same place, at the present time we find the
current and important city of Elorza, name which some seem to give it
a Basque origin. It is not casual that Carimary that means Small Carthage
was known by the precolumbus aborigines, and it was rebaptized by the
conquerors as Cartagena of Indies.
..... In the three maps we find the city
or region of "Poriana", we can see how in later
maps to Columbus's arrival, regions like Paria, Patalis, Poriana are
placed in the Oriental Indies and they are recognized by the conquerors
and geographers of the time, as belonging to America.
Below we find "Saba" and on top "India
Dy Hoch" that means "The Heights of India" 1440
like an index to the Andean region, that leaves no doubts that Saba
is in the Oriental Indies and not in the south of the Arabic peninsula,
but in fact in Yemen where there are being carried out excavations in
unknown ruins with the purpose of identifying them as belonging to the
"Kingdom of Saba".
..... This fact is of supreme importance
because it clarifies us why Brother Bartolomé de Las Casas leaves
a written testimony, that in the fact of the uneasiness of discovering
earth, Columbus tells the crew that they should be calmed because he
is taking them to know the Magic King and the lands of the Kingdom of
..... In the maps of 1448 and 1470 a great
peninsula together to the continent is observed by a long isthmus, peninsula
that evidently cannot be a part of South America but because of its
great size and in the position it is, hides the real form of the continent,
the lack of these copyists' knowledge leads them to identify it as the
peninsula of Malaca. It can be seen in the reconstruction carried out
with a current map, that matching the corresponding landslides this
peninsula is not another place that New Guinea Papua and due to these
matches, it is touching South America, (see
image) and as the reading Sinus Magnus (Pacific Ocean)
placed in 1470 between this supposed peninsula and the continent confirms
what is exposed. It cannot be not forgotten that Dick Edgar Ibarra Grasso
demonstrates in already mentioned works that the Sinus Magnus (Great
Gulf) in Latin, or Megas Kolpios in Greek, is the Pacific Ocean which
demonstrates that this peninsula should be separated from the continent
interposing the Pacific Ocean between them.
..... Another clear reference of the Andes
we have it in the name of the city of "Andensa"
1440 possibly noted in the hieroglyphics of the Temple of Dei El Bari
in Egypt like city of Saba, in Punt.
..... Many authors consider that the Andes
were the even and staggered platforms that the aborigines built on the
hillsides of the mountains, as places to cultivate. From this modality
came the name of "Mountain range of the Andes". The name "Andes"
although is a term that is considered native of America and it would
mean copper mountains, I believe that it's not so because I consider
it's a deformation of the word "Anden" according to the dictionaries
it's origin is Latin but it is surely older. Anden was called a built
even and staggered platform for the arrival of carriages, and then very
used until the present time, in the railroads stations for the arrival
of trains. The key that gives us this city of "Andensa"
is that it would be the "City of the Andenes" because of its
staggered platforms. Demonstrating then that the term "Andes"
is not American but brought by old navigators.
..... We have one in 1440 the city of "Crisa"
City of gold, in the coast of what would be Peru, and near her it is
drawn the Andes with the legend mountains of gold, Also Donnus Nicolaus
Germanus places the Andes in the Ptolemy of the year 1474 that is conserved
in the Vatican Library, where it appears in the oriental end of the
map, to the east of Catigara. A long reading in red color crossing from
the south continent to north reads "Big Elevations Polis";
without doubt it refers to a great mountain range. It's not another
thing but the Mountain range of The Andes.
reading is an attachment of Donnus N. Germanus since the same one doesn't
appear in Ptolemy's geography, demonstrating that not only he could
draw the map but rather improve it by adding such an important geographical
accident that Ptolemy possibly ignored and didn't mention in his geography.
How could Nicolaus Germanus know this with so much certainty and precision
in 1474, 18 years before the supposed discovery of America by Christopher
..... In one of the maps 1448 "Cryse"
is represented as an island. It's evident that this happens
due to the lack of some managed data.
..... In similar situation is "Sandala,
dye Amaismhueten der guld perg alz dyehunt" that means
Mountains of Gold that ants take care as dogs, that in one of the maps
it appears as an island 1448, in that of 1440 it appears in the continent
and at the same time as an island, and in the other one 1470 only in
the continent in the center-south of Chile. The name "Sandala"
that is of evident Sanskrit origin, it is Shanbalha or Shamballah, well-known
as Shangrilá. A mythical city searched in the high snowy mountains
of the Himalaya in India. Wouldn't the high snowy mountains of the Andes,
in the Oriental Indies, where it should be searched for?
..... The explanation of the mountains of
gold that ants take care as dogs, we find it on the other side of the
world in Chile.
is a volcano located in the Mountain range of the Andes, in the center-south
of Chile, where a legend can be read:
"In the outskirts of the volcano lived the 'Sallis-Sallis',
some black ants whose God Inti in the beginning of times and long
before the Spaniards arrived (and Araucanians) wanted to reward their
industry and transformed them into human beings of very short stature,
but strong, workers, orderly and organized. They were known as 'the
When the raw winter arrived they took refuge in natural caverns, conditioned
by them, building a beautiful, magical and mysterious underground
city. A peaceful, pasture and agricultural town, that lived on the
results of their work and their only ambition was to live in peace
The Guanacos and Choiques grazed in favorable places, where the Tingiriricas
used them for transport and feeding. From the beautiful Valley they
transported mint and other herbs that used to mitigate the needs of
the painful and cruel winter. But this peace and harmony didn't last
forever, the ambitious Incas and Araucanians began to surround them,
for what reason? In the Choicas the gold was abundant; the small habitants
used them as projectiles to hunt their preys.
The threatening advance of these warring towns made the midgets defend
and protected their territory rushing with their slings the coveted
pieces of minerals. The feverish and uncontrollable greed overcame,
this fight derived in war among Inca and Araucanians. The winning
Incas built a fence of stones to reduce this peaceful but brave town
that due to their small size, it was impossible for them to jump over
This prevented that the Tinguiriricas could continue to supply themselves
from the Beautiful Valley, their main source of resources started
to disappear when they were not able to be provided of nutriment,
but before dying they closed down the revenues of their homes to avoid
plundering. The village people told us that someone knows the secret
passageways, message that has been transmitted through generations,
with the order of not revealing the secret and that it must be used
when the cordilleras storms got worse"
One can say
that the cartel of the maps of 1440, 1448 and 1470 referred to Sandala
in South America conserves a coincidence and direct relationship with
the legend of Tinguiririca.
..... Undoubtedly those who made these precolumbus
maps knew the history of the ants (the Salli-Salli) but then we should
think and wonder how these European geographers knew this history of
America before Christopher Columbus trips?
Another scientist, Dr Barry Fell, of the Museum of the University of
Harvard (United States), affirms that Egyptian ships arrived to America,
by the Pacific, in the years 230 or 231 BC.; that the trip was planned
by Eratosthenes (of whom is known that he calculated the circumference
of the Earth from a simple trigonometrically procedure), and that the
ships were captained by Rat and Mawi. All these suppositions are based
on the descriptions of very old inscriptions that were left written
by the travelers in the caverns of West Irian, in New Guinea, and in
the cave of Tinguiririca, in the mountainous buttresses of the center
..... I would add that the name Tinguir
is of Phoenician origin and it means Emporium, from this term it derives
the name of Tánger in Africa.
..... The American professor's theory was
flatly disapproved by the professor Mario Orellana, director of the
Anthropological and Archaeological Sciences Department of the University
of Chile who affirms that the cavern of Tinguiririca was known many
years ago in Chile and that the existent wild pictography in the walls
of the grotto has indigenous origin and they don't correspond to any
writings, neither they can be translated. These are opinions, but they
should be based with tests or scientific arguments.
.....We also find a reference to "Alexander"
(Alejandro). Could Alexander the Great arrived Cattigara, Cahatigara,
Catigara etc.? In a part of Sarmiento Gamboa's paragraph he said:
it couldn't be but to Catigara, that is to the south in nine grades
of the equinoctial according to Ptolemy, and conform to the sailing
of those of Alexander the Great forty days of sailing from the Asia".
In the three maps we can see "Ophir" like an
island, in the located Indian Ocean but near to Africa. This name becomes
from Opir, Ophir, Ofir, son of Jectan and grandson of Heber who also
is great-grandchild of Noe that populated the marine lands of the Ocean
towards East and his children and descendants populate the lands of
the Indies. At the moment we know that Opir was a region of South America
that gives origin to the name of the current Peru. It is also the legendary
and Biblical place where King Hiram's fleet went to look for the gold
for King Salomon from where he brought the Queen of Saba.
..... We also see the Earthly Paradise with
an illustration of Adam and Eve and the four Biblical rivers that begins
from it; the "Tigris", the "Euphrates"
and two legendary rivers the "Physon" and the
"Gyon" 1440-1448. Rivers that surely ignored
by the clergymen that copied the maps were placed mistakenly because
of theological reasons in the paradise like the Bible says, leaving
the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, east of Indo River and Ganges River.
among the Physon and Tigris rivers there is a fifth one, the "Porus"
1440. Then I wonder if the Purús River isn't the river
that is born in Peru in the counter fort of the Amazon Andes, at the
back (east) of Machu Pichu, in the region of the Manu, and ends at the
..... Below in the south end, in the Patagonia
we find the reading "dy Rysen vechten and streiten wider
dy sint wurm" "Giants who fights with dragons",
as Paul Gallez informs me, I believe that wisely it is a very clear
allusion to the Giant Patagonicos hunting marine elephants and their
undulant way of moving.
..... Due to the abundance and the easiness
with which a man could reach them, these animals were hunted by the
aborigines for their meat and their skin.
..... More to the south, after the continental
mass, we find an island in a triangular way 1440 and large peninsulas,
with the name of "Curiga" and the reading:
"ayn gut insel um aufgang" which means, "It's
a good island at sunrise."
..... That locates it further from the other
islands and surely further from the ocean. Its triangular form, strange
and large peninsulas and its location where the sunrises and being under
the continent, transforms it into the best candidate to be "Tierra
del Fuego", since the island is being identified by some as Ceylon
and others as Ibarra Grasso, as Sumatra, are at west of "Curiga".
It would be interesting to investigate the relationship between this
toponymyc "Curiga" (written in antique German)
with the "Coilum" (Latin) by M. Waldseemüller in his
map 1606, where the peninsula surely is Tierra del Fuego.
These lands that are identified in unequivocal way as South Americans,
they aren't to be mistaken nor they should be confused with the current
India as they aren't in the toponymy belonging to them (except the rivers
already explained, Tigris and Euphrates that corresponds to the mesopotamia),
although in the dates that these maps were made 1440, 1448 and 1470
the India and their big cities were very well-known, by western marines
and geographers, but none of them appears in the whole region, being
inadmissible a confusion with the current India like some seek.